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8 Javascript Framework for Creating GUI / Desktop Applications

Javascript Framwork for creating Desktop applications
Javascript is a programming language that is usually used to create web applications.
But ...
Since the appearance of Nodejs, Javascript can be used to create applications other than the web such as Desktop, Mobile, IoT, Server, Games, etc.
On this occasion, we will discuss what frameworks are used to create Desktop applications with Javascript.
Let's start…

1. Electron

Electron (also known as Atom Shell ) is a framework created by Github. Electron uses Nodejs as a backend and Chromium as a front-end. 1
Electron Website
Electron Website
Examples of applications made with Electron:
You can see more on this page .
Electron has complete documentation and is also available in Indonesian. This documentation can be opened via https://electronjs.org/docs
Electron Documentation
Electron Documentation

2. NW.js

NW.js previously known as node-webkit is a framework similar to Electron.
NW.js uses Nodejs and Chromium like Eelectron.
The difference is that NW.js is made by Intel while Electrong is made by Github.
Website NW.js
Website NW.js
You can read the NW.js documentation on this page .

3. App. Js

The app.js is also the same as Electron and NW.js. However, this App.js project seems to have been abandoned for a long time. 2
Therefore, on its website it is suggested to use NW.js and Electron.
App.js website
App.js website
You can read the App.js documentation on this page .

4. Meteor

Meteor is a javascript framework for creating mobile, web and desktop applications. Meteor was originally called Skybreak. Then in April 2012, this framework was renamed Meteor. 3
The meteor was developed by the Meteor Development Group , a startup incubated by Y Combinator .
Meteor Website
Meteor Website
Examples of applications made with Meteor:
You can see more on this page .

5. Proton Native

Proton Native is a Javascript framework developed by Gustav Hansen ( Kusti8 ). Proton Native is designed as an alternative to Electron.
Proton Native uses native Widgets from the operating system. So it doesn't need Chromium like Electron. This will make the performance better and lighter.
Proton Native Website
Proton Native Website
Proton Native uses a library:
Proton Native uses React, so we can also use JSX there. The following is a sample code program with Proton Native:
import React, { Component } from 'react';

import { render, Window, App, Button } from 'proton-native';

class Example extends Component {
  render() {
    return (
      <App>
        <Window title="Example" size={{w: 300, h: 300}} menuBar={false}>
          <Button stretchy={false} onClick={() => console.log('Hello')}>
            Button
          </Button>
        </Window>
      </App>
    );
  }
}

render(<Example />);
Native Proton Demo
You can read the full explanation in the Proton Native documentation .

6. Vuido

Vuido is a framework for creating Desktop-based applications Vue.js. Applications made with Vuido can run on Windows, OS X, and Linux. Vuido also uses native components like Proton Native.
Vuido also uses the Libui / Libui-node library to create a GUI display.
Here is an example of an application demo made with Vuido:
Vuido application demo
For Vuido documentation, you can read on the official website https://vuido.mimec.org/ .

7. DeskGap

DeskGap is an alternative to Electron. DeskGap doesn't use Chromium like Electron. DeskGap uses WebView to display HTML, making it lighter than Electron.
On MacOS DeskGap use WKWebView , on Windows using IWebBrowser2 or WebViewControl (if available), and on Linux will use WebKitWebView .
The platform supported by DeskGap is limited and the documentation is not yet complete.
The drawback is maybe when we want to use the latest CSS, WebView sometimes doesn't support it.
Examples of DeskGap desktop application demos:
DeskGap Demo

8. Carlo

Carlo is alternative to Electron which uses Google Chrome and Chromium.
The difference with Electron:
Carlo uses Google Chrome or Chromium installed on the operating system. Whereas Electron carries its own Chromium in it.
This makes the node_modulesCarlo package size smaller than Eelectron. Electrons take around 130MB for node_modulesCarlo while only 2MB.
Example of a desktop application with Carlo:
Carlo Application Demo

Which Will You Choose?

Confused which one to choose?
Here are my conclusions:
If you provide complete guidance and documentation, I recommend choosing Electron. Because the community is a lot and the documentation is also available in Indonesian.
If you want to use a WebView, then I use DeskGap. But maybe it doesn't support the latest CSS.
If you want a lightweight and fast application, I recommend Native or Vuido Proton. Because it uses native widgets from the operating system. But the widget is less than Electron.
If you want your application to be used also for mobile and web, I recommend using Meters.
I don't recommend App.js, because it hasn't been developed for a long time. NW.js is still new and the community is few.
So, which one will you choose?


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