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How to Access a Webcam from HTML and Take Pictures

Html5 Webcam
Usually on certain websites we need webcams to take pictures, for example on the web that has Video Call features like Facebook.
In the past, this might be done with the help of Plug-ins like Flash and Silverlight .
However, now HTML5 has provided an API that we can use to access webcams natively .
On this occasion, we will learn how to access webcams to be displayed on web pages and take pictures.

Examples of webcams in HTML

Here is an example of the final results we will make.
If it doesn't appear, make sure you allow this page to access the Webcam.
Webcam permission in Google Chrome:
Permit Webcam access in Google Chrome
Webcam permission on Google Chrome Android:
Permit Webcam access on Google Chrome Android
Webcam permission in Opera:
Permit Webcam access in Google Chrome

How does it work?

First we need user permission, whether he wants to give webcam access or not.
The method or method used to request user permission isgetUserMediaThis method is not just to access the webcam, we can also access other media such as microphones.
After the user gives permission, then we just render the image from the webcam to the element <video>.
Elements <video>are new elements added to HTML 5 for displaying videos.
For more details, let's try in code ...

Showing Webcam Videos in HTML

First, please create an HTML file.
<div>
    <video autoplay="true" id="video-webcam">
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    </video>
</div>
In the HTML file above, we give the attribute autoplay="true"so that the video is played automatically and id="video-webcam"to facilitate the selection of elements in Javascript.
After that, please create the Javascript code:
<script type="text/javascript">
    // seleksi elemen video
    var video = document.querySelector("#video-webcam");

    // minta izin user
    navigator.getUserMedia = navigator.getUserMedia || navigator.webkitGetUserMedia || navigator.mozGetUserMedia || navigator.msGetUserMedia || navigator.oGetUserMedia;

    // jika user memberikan izin
    if (navigator.getUserMedia) {
        // jalankan fungsi handleVideo, dan videoError jika izin ditolak
        navigator.getUserMedia({ video: true }, handleVideo, videoError);
    }

    // fungsi ini akan dieksekusi jika  izin telah diberikan
    function handleVideo(stream) {
        video.srcObject = stream;
    }

    // fungsi ini akan dieksekusi kalau user menolak izin
    function videoError(e) {
        // do something
        alert("Izinkan menggunakan webcam untuk demo!")
    }
</script>
(Complete code please check in Gist )
Please save in the directory htdocsor /var/www/html, then open through the address http://localhost/namafile.html.
Why should it be stored there?
Because if it's not stored on the web server, the video won't be rendered.

Take Pictures from a Webcam

We just coded HTML and JavaScript to display videos from the webcam.
Then…
What if we want to take pictures?
Easy.
We just have to make a button and when the button is clicked, we execute the function to take pictures.
Following is the function code to take a picture:
function takeSnapshot() {
    // buat elemen img
    var img = document.createElement('img');
    var context;

    // ambil ukuran video
    var width = video.offsetWidth
            , height = video.offsetHeight;

    // buat elemen canvas
    canvas = document.createElement('canvas');
    canvas.width = width;
    canvas.height = height;

    // ambil gambar dari video dan masukan 
    // ke dalam canvas
    context = canvas.getContext('2d');
    context.drawImage(video, 0, 0, width, height);

    // render hasil dari canvas ke elemen img
    img.src = canvas.toDataURL('image/png');
    document.body.appendChild(img);
}
The function above will create an element <img> to hold Snapshot images from the Video element.
We use Canvas to take pictures.
After that stay is displayed into the element <img>.
Next, please make a button to execute the function.
<button onclick="takeSnapshot()">Ambil Gambar</button>
Finish, please try.
To save the image, just right click then select save image as ...
Save Image from the Web
It's easy?

The final word…

That's how to access webcams from HTML or web pages.
Then you can do more interesting experiments, such as:
  • Implementing Computer Vision Algorithm or Image Processing.
  • Making a Video Call Application .
  • Creating a System Login by Detecting a Face.
  • Guess Age based on Face.
  • _______ (etc. add yourself)
Reference:
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